• Improved viability and activity of neutrophils differentiated from HL-60 cells by co-culture with adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells

    요약 :
    Neutropenia is a principal complication of cancer treatment. We investigated the supportive effect of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) on the viability and function of neutrophils. Neutrophils were derived from HL-60 cells by dimethylformamide stimulation and cultured with or without AD-MSCs under serum-starved conditions to evaluate neutrophil survival, proliferation, and function.
    Serum starvation resulted in the apoptosis of neutrophils and decreased cell survival. The co-culture of neutrophils and AD-MSCs resulted in cell survival and inhibited neutrophil apoptosis under serumstarved conditions. The survival rate of neutrophils was prolonged up to 72 h, and the expression levels of interferon (IFN)-a, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte–macrophage colonystimulating factor, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-b in AD-MSCs were increased after co-culture with neutrophils. AD-MSCs promoted the viability of neutrophils by inhibiting apoptosis as well as enhancing respiratory burst, which could potentially be mediated by the increased expression of IFNa, G-CSF, and TGF-b. Thus, we conclude that the use of AD-MSCs may be a promising cell-based therapy for increasing immunity by accelerating neutrophil function

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  • HOXC10 as a potential marker for discriminating between amnion- and decidua-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

    요약 :
    The HOX family of genes plays a fundamental role in the morphogenesis of vertebrate embryonic cells. HOX genes are thought to be important for the regulation of stem cells. We investigated HOX gene expression in
    mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from human placentas. We isolated MSCs from human placentas and confirmed stemness by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis and differentiation studies. Using reverse
    transcription PCR, mRNA expression of 39 Class I HOX genes was measured in the MSCs. The expression of HOXB6, C4, C8, C10, D3, D4, and D10 were measured by Western blot analysis. HOXC10 was expressed in 10
    of 10 amnion-derived MSCs but in only 2 of 10 decidua-derived MSCs. HOXC4 and D10 were expressed in 100% of both amnion-derived MSCs and deciduas-derived MSCs. HOXD4 was silent in all amnion-derived MSCs and deciduas-derived MSCs (n¼10). HOX gene activation patterns might be a useful indicator for the detection of MSCs of different tissue origins. We demonstrated that HOXC10 is a gene that may discriminate between
    amnion-derived MSCs and decidua-derived MSCs

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  • Enhanced hepatogenic transdifferentiation of human adipose tissue mesenchymal stem cells by gene engineering with Oct4 and Sox2.

    요약 : 
    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive candidates for clinical repair or regeneration of damaged tissues. Oct4 and Sox2, which are essential transcription factors for pluripotency and self-renewal, are naturally expressed in MSCs at low levels in early passages, and their levels gradually decrease as the passage number increases. Therefore, to improve MSC proliferation and stemness, we introduced human Oct4 and Sox2 for conferring higher expansion and differentiation capabilities.

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  • Effects of expanded human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells on the viability of cryopreserved fat grafts in the nude mouse.

    요약 :
    Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AdMSCs) augment the ability to contribute to microvascular remodeling in vivo and to modulate vascular stability in fresh fat grafts. Although cryopreserved adipose tissue is frequently used for soft tissue augmentation, the viability of the fat graft is poor. The effects of culture-expanded human adipose tissue-derived mesen-chymal stem cells (hAdMSCs) on the survival and quality of the cryopreserved fat graft were determined. hAdMSCs from the same donor were mixed with fat tissues cryopreserved at –70°C for 8 weeks and injected subcutaneously into 6-week-old BALB/c-nu nude mice. Graft volume and weight were measured, and histology was evaluated 4 and 15 weeks post-transplantation. The hAdMSC-treated group showed significantly enhanced graft volume and weight. The histological evaluation demonstrated significantly better fat cell integrity compared with the vehicle-treated control 4 weeks post-transplantation. No significant dif-ference in graft weight, volume, or histological parameters was found among the groups 15 weeks post-transplantation. The hAdMSCs enhanced the survival and quality of transplanted cryopreserved fat tissues. Cultured and expanded hAdMSCs have reconstructive capacity in cryopreserved fat grafting by increasing the number of stem cells

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